Denigrating the Oppressed: A Fresh Look At Barabbas

It seems that holy week would be an appropriate time to reconsider Barabbas, despite colonized depictions that disparage and belie the legacy of this man. I suggest that Barabbas is not the man often depicted in many Western Churches, rather through faithful study of the gospel records a clear alternative image is painted of this New Testament biblical character.

Tell me if this sounds familiar. Barabbas is a psycho criminal that went through the towns ravaging and murdering. In fact, he probably had one cocked eye and foamed at the mouth right? Wrong. Western Christian tradition has stripped Barabbas of his Jewishness and from the larger socio-political context that offers meaning to his presence in the story. To understand Barabbas one must remember his Jewish body (and all others) under the control, rule, and domination of the Roman Empire. Without the proper historical realities, Barabbas’ role in the story is missed (which also means we miss something about Jesus as well).

I have always contended that the Gospels portray Barabbas as a desperate freedom fighter, who much like Nat Turner (or American Revolutionaries) wanted to free himself from imperial and oppressive forces. It becomes clear that he was arrested for participating in a revolutionary movement. Consider the Biblical record…

  • Mark 15:7 “A man called Barabbas was in prison with the insurrectionists who had committed murder in the uprising.”
  • Luke 23:19 & 25 “Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city and for murder” vs.25 “He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will”
  • John 18:40 “They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.”

Clearly Barabbas was arrested for his leadership in an insurrection against the Roman Empire and not because he was a foaming at the mouth serial killer. It is convenient for Western Imperial Christianity to denigrate Barabbas in that way, completely dismissing the conditions that led to such behavior. Not only that, but it strips Jesus from his context as well, for he too is Jewish under the rule of the Roman Empire.  I will explore this more in a follow up post because there is a significant relationship between Barabbas and Jesus that ought not be overlooked. However, for the moment consider taking a fresh look at Barabbas and how his socio-political as well as Jewish significance plays out in the gospel narrative.  Barabbas was in the tradition of the radical Zealots (of which Jesus had such companions in his own entourage).

How have you been taught about Barabbas? Is your understanding of him in sync with the Gospel records? Freestyle with me…

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5 comments

  1. KeithColquitt · April 20, 2011

    I agree with you. I heard this teaching about Barabas in the early days of my faith, but not since then. I completely agree. The Jews were desperate for freedom from Rome. When they saw that Jesus wasn’t the man to lead a violent uprising, they turned to the man who they believed was the freedom fighter they needed. Blindly, they rejected the real freedom that can only be found in Christ.

  2. Matt Stromberg · April 20, 2011

    It’s funny that you mention this topic. There was a screening of the Passion of the Christ at our Church this past weekend, and I was pondering this same question. Barabbas is depicted as a disgusting and idiotic buffoon. Your post seems more to the point. We don’t know a lot about Barrabas, but I think he was more than likely an earnest if misguided freedom fighter.
    Have you seen the Anthony Quinn movie Barrabas?

  3. Rod of Alexandria · April 20, 2011

    Yes, and yes again!

  4. Drew Hart · April 20, 2011

    Yo Keith, definitely… and I will touch on Barabbas’ relationship to Jesus in my next post.

    Hey Matt, I have not seen the Anthony Quinn movie, is it a stereotypical or antitypical portrayal of Barabbas?

    Rod… thought you might like this one. Got a little more up my sleeve, stay tuned.

  5. Pingback: Drew Hart Has Me Re-Thinking Barabbas “The Murderer” | Political Jesus

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